Gum Disease Ahmedabad

What is Gum Disease?

Gum Disease
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums (tissues surround and support your teeth). It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it that’s a main reason for ignorance.

Who can have Gum Disease?

Gum Disease
It’s a myth that Gum Disease happens to people of your grandparent’s age! Teens can also get gum disease, and it can cause problems from simply embarrassing like bad breath to the serious like tooth loss which is both embarrassing and serious!

Types of Gum Disease



It means ‘inflammation of the gums’. Gums around the teeth become red and swollen. Often the swollen gums bleed when they are brushed during cleaning. It’s often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.
Chronic Periodontitis

Chronic Periodontitis

Long standing gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease causes loosing teeth and it may eventually fall out. Progression of disease results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva.

Forms of Periodontitis -

  • Aggressive periodontitis : occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation. Localized aggressive periodontitis is found in teenagers and young adults and mainly affects the first molars and incisors. It is characterized by the severe loss of alveolar bone.
  • Periodontitis : as a manifestation of systemic diseases often begins at a young age.
  • Periodontal Disease in Women : Women are especially susceptible to periodontal disease at various stages of life like puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. This can exaggerate the gum tissues react to plaque. Gums may become red, tender, swollen and most likely to bleed.
  • Necrotizing periodontal disease : is an infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.

Gum Disease and Systemic Connection

Heart Disease

A study shown that the bacteria and inflammatory protein cause periodontitis is enter into blood stream and cause the thickening of blood vessels wall commonly seen in heart disease and stroke.

Respiratory infection

is thought to rely in part on the aspiration of oropharyngeal flora into the lower respiratory tract and failure of host defense mechanisms to eliminate the contaminating bacteria, which then multiply to cause infection. It has been suggested that dental plaque may act as a reservoir of respiratory pathogens, especially in patients with periodontal disease. Increased risk of pneumonia and COPD. 


According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes are at higher risk for gum disease (severe gum infection with bone destruction). Gum disease can also affect the body’s blood sugar control. People with diabetes can have tooth and gum problems more often if their blood glucose stays high. High blood glucose can make tooth and gum problems worse. You can even lose your teeth.


Chronic inflammation has been the rationale behind the association looking both at specific types of cancers and periodontal disease. Oral cancer has shown an increased risk of oral cancer with periodontal disease or tooth loss.